The white wolf is found in the north part of Canada, arctic tundra, coniferous woods and the northern deciduous woods.

Tha arctic wolves follow the migrating caribou for distances over 500 km from the arctic tundra in summer to the boreal woods in winter.

They eat deer, moose, caribou, musk-oxen, mountain sheep, elk, rabbits, prairie dogs, mice and other small mammals, birds, fish, insects and domestic stock.

Arctic wolves vary from white to greyish-brown. They look similar to husky sled dogs, but the wolf has longer legs, larger feet and a narrow chest. The face is larger and the ears are rounded. The tail is long, bushy and black tipped; it acts as a balancing organ.
They have non-retractable claws. Five toes on the front feet and four toes on the hind feet.They have highly developed senses of smell and hearing but their eyesight is poor.

Wolves mate at 2-3 years of age.They mate for life. Pups are born blind and deaf and are very dark in color. After about 10 days the eyes open and approximately three weeks later they can hear. During this time the other pack members bring food to the mother and act as a baby sitter. Pups leave the den after 8-10 weeks to discover the outside world. Pups start to hunt with the pack at 6 months and will feed with the pack. Wolf life span is 10-18 years.

Wolves are social animals and live in family packs for protection and for hunting.Younger members feed and protect the older wolves. All adults co-operate in feeding and educating the young.

It is usual to have only one litter per pack. The size of the pack increases if prey is plentiful allowing the alpha couple to breed more often and produce more cubs.

Wolves have a complex system of communicating which involves sound, smell, facial expressions and body movements. The wolf's howl can be heard up to 5 km away.Probable reasons for howling are communication, rounding up scattered pack members, claiming territory and warning other wolves of their presence.

There are 4,000-7,000 wolves in Alaska and over 30,000 in Caada. Although man has hunted wolves through history, he has been unable to extinguish the species.

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Thank you Vicky for this wonderful information.

I found this on the Toronto zoo website:

Description : Arctic wolves have white fur year-round which allows them to blend into their snowy surroundings. Their coat is long and silky with soft, thick under fur. This is shed in the spring and the coat becomes shorter and less dense. The lengthy tail is bushy, and the legs are long giving it a lanky appearance. The feet are large and digitate with non-retractable claws. The forefeet have five toes and the hind feet have four. The skull is broad and the face and ears are well defined. Ears are slightly rounded and the face is less pointed than other species of wolf. This wolf is a subspecies of the gray wolf (Canis lupus). The year-round white coats and slightly shorter ears and noses distinguish them from the other subspecies of Canis lupus. They are also slightly smaller in stature. Male Arctic wolves generally weigh between 34 – 46 kg, and females between 36 – 38 kg.

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